Life, News, Top Stories

Oh No! Say it Ain’t So!

This is it.

The end is near. It is time for you to say your goodbyes.

You sure read that right. Exeter Summer is coming to an end. Students have been here for almost five weeks and many have grown attached, not only to this place Exeter and the Academy, but also to the people who inhabit this wonderful campus. Exeter has allowed us to create lifelong friends, and the experiences here have all been unforgettable.

When students realize the summer program is coming to a close, many of them have the same reaction: “Sad, wish it was longer,” says Jacob Lee. “I guess time does fly faster when you’re having fun.” In fact, many people found that time went by faster than they would’ve liked.

Everyone is having a mixed bag of emotions, experiencing joy and sadness at the same time about leaving Exeter and going home. “I am happy to go back home,” says Moreno Purnomo, “Nevertheless, I am going to miss Exeter because of the friends and the experiences I had here.”

The students are torn apart by this duality between staying with their new friends and going back to their families.

If you have read the 2nd edition of this year’s Summer Times, you might have come across an article talking about love blooming here in Exeter between students. Much like all of the other students, these couples must go home. You can imagine how soul crushing and heart-breaking it must be to say goodbye to the person you love and to be separated by hundreds or even thousands of miles.


“I am sad — really sad about leaving here,” says Tomoki Iwata. “After finding my significant other, leaving here without her is going to be difficult.” 

You shouldn’t lose hope though, as in this day and age, the ways of communication at everyone’s disposal are really useful. “ I hope I will keep in touch [with the friends I met here] even when I’m on the other side of the world”, says Chakraboon Bhanarai in Wentworth.

Now, you can just hop on your phone and talk with someone through social media – with apps like Facebook, Messenger, Whatsapp, Instagram or even Snapchat. And you can do this at any time even if you are on the other side of the world, as long as you take jet lag into account because you would not want to wake up a friend in the middle of the night.

Another thing that will be missed is the Harkness system.

“I’ll miss Harkness because it made me more comfortable to speak in class,” says Vanya Agireddi, who liked the Harkness system. But like most things, there are people who liked it and people who didn’t like it, for whom the system didn’t click. For example, Bella Chen says she will not miss it “because I don’t think it is a learning method that works for me.”

Anyway, it is always better to think about the positive side of things instead of the negative one like Vanya. “It’s been a really fun summer,” she said. It’s always hard to enjoy the good things when you are too focused on the negative side of things.

That is why you should enjoy the little time you still have together instead of being sad because of a separation that has yet to take place. So enjoy the time you have left with your new friends. 

There are still some activities these last days here. You can share the specifics of the country you come from during the ‘4 Corners of the World Celebration’. Or you can still try and — as one student said ” “make the most memories this last week” by participating in activities or just by going to restaurants and walking in Exeter.

So don’t think about the future goodbyes now. Think about the past — how you have met your new friends, what you did together — and have fun with what you are doing now. Just leave those nasty sad feelings for your future self to worry about in the bus, car, airport or right before leaving and think about what you will do after Exeter. 

Will you continue travelling through the United States or will you, like Vanya Agireddi, see your family? “I’m really happy about seeing my family when I get home.”

Features, Life, Top Stories

He’s a Chess Master, Mate

Exeter Summer 2022 would be incomplete if Eduardo Fernandez had chosen to leave his chess set in
the corner of his room to collect dust. The student from Miami, Florida — better known as the “chess master” or the “chess legend” — can usually be found parked at a picnic table with his latest opponent.

Eduardo was introduced to the game of chess by his brother around the age of 10. He watched his
brother play matches against the math teacher and had to know more. At the time chess was just a fun hobby and a way to bond with his brother, but about a year ago the game became so much more to him.

His chess club took a hit from Covid and Eduardo had to conjure up some creativity to continue his
passion. Eduardo took to the park to teach local kids chess. Parents came and asked him how much he wanted for lessons, but he simply said, “I don’t want anything, I just want to play.”

The people he teaches are usually less fortunate and do not make for the most challenging opponents,
but he finds inspiration and familiarity in them. “When I see them play it reminds me of when I first
learned,” he said. “Being able to teach people the same way I was taught it just… it’s a great feeling.”
Eduardo has moved onto playing in competitions as well. His first experiences were very humbling.

When he walked into the competition, he was overwhelmed by the number of people who had shown up.
He became accustomed to losing matches now that he had new competition, but still had a harder time
dealing with defeat.

“It was like a heart breaker in a way,” he said, “but it gave me the confidence to come back stronger.”
When Eduardo was packing his bag for Exeter, he saw his chess set in the corner of his room and
thought, “why not bring it?” He packed it away and when he was showing it to a dormmate he saw another eyeing the board hoping to initiate a match.

His first opponent at Exeter was astonished by Eduardo’s skill. One of the first things that he asked
Eduardo was what his rate was and when Eduardo replied with a variation of “I don’t know,” he certainly
wasn’t expecting the skill set that Exeter’s chess master showed.

Since then, Eduardo has been approached by many students who are jumping at the chance to play the
famed Exeter prodigy.

Eduardo rarely turns down a match and he has even taught a few students how to play.
The daily matches are no inconvenience to Eduardo. He believes that his skills have improved here at Exeter. He has assimilated his brother’s skills and strategies. When he plays his brother, Eduardo can almost anticipate his opponent’s every move. At Exeter, everyone has his or her own style of playing and “you never know what’s in your opponent’s head,” said Eduardo.

Along with the practice he has gotten, he has also created many friendships with those
he has gone head-to-head with. One of his close friends, George Antonopoulus, plays him very
often and has become one of Eduardo’s favorite opponents.

“He has a good playing style,” said Eduardo. He admitted that George had beat him once
before when he made a big mistake, but said, “I was very proud of him for taking advantage of
me.”

He is pleased that his chess set has accompanied him to Exeter because it has created opportunities for him to become closer to people like George. His only complaint is that he cannot teach as many people here as at home because many people are “stiff to learning the
game,” he said.

He believes that he has become more intelligent and focused by practicing the game but is disappointed that there is a common misconception that to play chess you must have the two.

To be good at chess you do not have to be at the top of your class, he said. To be good at chess all you need is diligence.

“Just give it a try,” he says to any beginner chess player. “Once you get past that first hurdle you can just enjoy the game.”

News

Frenemies

“We’re basically brothers,” said Deniz Yaveroglu, looking at his friend.

“Agreed,” replied George Antonopoulus, without even skipping a beat. 

These two friends are like most at Exeter, but what makes their friendship special is that they are not supposed to be friends at all. 

George, from Webster dorm, and Deniz, from Amen dorm, met each other while playing soccer during PE. Initially they related over their love for futbol, but soon found out that their friendship had a deeper message. 

George who is from Athens, Greece, and Deniz from Istanbul, Turkey, formed an unexpected friendship. The countries are notorious for their conflicts over sea territory and natural resources, but here at Exeter those conflicts disappear. 

“The rest of the world thinks we are enemies,” said Deniz, “but I think we are like brothers.” The two boys shared stories of the times that they had spent in one another’s countries. They both agreed that Greeks and Turks are a lot nicer to each other than let on. 

“It feels good meeting someone from the same area,” said George, smiling at Deniz. “Yeah, like a neighbor,” added his Turkish friend. 

The two know that their friendship can be seen as odd or controversial, but they fully embrace the title of frenemies and hope others understand the complexities of it. 

“I want to show that Greek people don’t hate the Turkish people,” said George about the deeper meaning of their friendship. The two friends hope that they represent a certain narrative of Greece and Turkey. Politically the two countries are adversaries, but the citizens do care for one another.

George and Deniz are able to have calm conversations about the conflicts their countries face and the upcoming events that will influence their countries’ relations. The expectation that the two should hate each other only makes their bond stronger. 

Similarly, Tori Kim, from Hong Kong, and Caroline Powley from Exeter have become best friends here at Exeter Summer. Despite the ongoing tension between the U.S. and China the two enjoy lunch together and share lots of laughs. Tori takes her time to teach her new friend Korean in an effort to share her life with her new friend.

While tensions between Italy and France worsened in Europe, here at Exeter the two representatives of the country could not be getting along better. 

Inès d’Hérouville, from Paris, and Carlotta Catapano from Milan, Italy, became fast friends at Exeter despite political tensions between their countries. 

“There haven’t been many fights between us,” said Inès, “at least not yet.”

Like George and Deniz, the girls acknowledged that even though their countries don’t always get along, the hostility of the governments isn’t carried out in personal connections.

“No matter their nationality, you should focus more on the individual, rather than their background,” said Ines, alluding to her supposed frenemy and all other possible friendships to be made. 

While discussing the dynamic of the two countries Carlotta described the conflicts as very stereotypical. “These issues are more to laugh about than to actually get mad about,” she said.

Exeter Summer is the model of an ideal world. All nationalities from all countries can unite, coexist, and celebrate each other’s cultures. Even those who don’t have any frenemy dynamics have still gained worldly perspectives. 

“After a point I really saw that our differences are what unite us,” said Maraya Berketi, a resident of Bancroft and citizen of Athens, Greece, who is heavily involved in Exeter’s leadership program, “I feel lucky to have learned from people from all over the world because I feel I have become more rich in knowledge.”

The students at Exeter express how grateful they are for the amount of diversity here on campus. Ella Ray Creed, a day student at Exeter, and Emmett Ceachman both come from small towns that they say lack the broad palette of personalities and nationalities that Exeter attracts. 

Ella Ray has had the opportunity to explore Swedish culture and language with her friend Yalle Akesson from Stockholm, Sweden. 

“I tried Swedish candy!” she said “It was interesting. It was so salty it hurt my mouth at first, but then I liked it.” In exchange, Yalle has been introduced to lots of new American phrases and slang. 

Ella Ray is an aspiring Spanish interpreter and has used Exeter to practice her conversation skills in her second language. Upon testing her skills she was perplexed by the extent of different dialects. 

“There are so many different dialects here that even some of the Spanish girls don’t understand each other,” she said, “I thought that was really interesting because I’ve been studying dialects for a really long time and I still didn’t understand some of what they were saying.”

Conversations at Exeter are some of the most vivid that students have ever had. With so many differences, topic possibilities are endless. 

“I’ve had some genuinely interesting conversations about religion,” said Dimitris Mesadakos, from Athens. He has been able to discuss his religion with students who have different religious upbringing and practices. In one instance, he spoke with two Muslim students who explained the opposing ways they interpreted the Quaran. One approaches the teachings of the text in a more literal way and the other in a more interpretive way. 

In Athens, he says, he never would have been able to have these types of conversations, “In Greece we don’t have very much diversity racially or religiously,” he said, “It’s been such a great experience for me to meet such a diverse group of people.”

There is no such thing as an unexpected friendship here at Exeter Summer. Culture thrives, conflict is given the cold shoulder, and appreciation prevails above all else.

News

We Are Not “Fans” Of The Heat


“I fell asleep in my closet last night because it was so hot,” said Carlotta Catapano, a student at Exeter Summer who is suffering from the recent heat wave. Summer at Exeter has been heating up, but the worst has hopefully come to an end!

Carlotta lives on the fourth floor of Bancroft facing the sun with no fan. You can understand how she must be feeling! “I didn’t think not having a fan would ever be a problem because I could sleep well, but the temperature has been rising,” she said.” We can assume that most are also experiencing the same feeling. 

Staying inside and isolating has been common as well. Carlotta said she finds it more difficult to have the motivation to go outside. “It’s unfortunate because the heat keeps us from spending more time outside: going on walks, and staying on the table outside is not as enjoyable anymore. If we had the possibility of staying out later we would be able to stay in the coolness and spend more time around nature.”

Last week, temperatures at Exeter nudged 100 degrees. There have been many complaints circulating around campus regarding how there is no air conditioning provided for students. 

“Trying to pretend [the heat] doesn’t exist but it’s not working.” said Rosie Schrag, a resident of Cilley Hall. “ I wish we had AC in the dorms. The other night I couldn’t sleep because of it and my friends and I always try to find air conditioned places.”

Some students tried to find an escape from this weather and took trips to Boston. Unfortunately, Boston is just as scorching. Alan Tejada complained he was “burning alive” and all the air around him was so hot he felt his “lungs disintegrating”, adding: “I couldn’t stay five minutes outside the AC in Boston. I saw more than 10 people shirtless inside and outside all sweaty, everyone also had sweat stains.”

Amanda Katz had an unfortunate encounter with the heat. She says that due to the hot weather, when she went to the river with some friends she started to get vertigo. “I started to feel dizzy because of the heat so when I got to the grass I laid down, ” she said. “I also probably didn’t drink enough water.” Amanda’s friends called Campus Safety, but couldn’t leave campus, so the ambulance took her pulse and sent her to the Health Center. Fortunately, after a lot of Gatorade and water, Amanda recovered.

It may be hard to believe but while there are many complaints of the heat, Samantha Pressman views the heat in an uplifting way. “There are definitely positive aspects of heat, it forces us to go to the common room and make new friends,” she said. “People go to spacious common rooms because there are several fans.” 

Hubabah Saeed of Saudi Arabia tries to be optimistic as well and says: “The humidity is not that bad. Where I live, I walk out the house and I’m already wet.”

Luckily due to the recent downpours, the humidity and heat have died down. “With the rain it helps me cool down and I’m glad the heat is starting to go away,” said Ana Paula Goico. “It’s still very hot, but at least I finally got a good night’s sleep last night.”

Kaitlyn Krinkles is excited for the change in weather as well. She can’t wait until she can wear whatever clothes she wants such as “long sleeves and not only shorts — it’s going to be a lot easier getting dressed in the morning.”

News

We Animals Have Rights Too

Animal rights have been a contentious issue ever since people first started domesticating goats over ten thousand years ago. With rising populations, disease became a rampant problem. This was followed by the realization of a need to research the human anatomy to treat diseases. People like Aristotle, Erasistratus, and Galen recognized this importance and devoted their lives to the research of human anatomy. Instead of dissecting people, which was illegal, they dissected animals. Testing and research done on animals have risen and continued to this day and remain a controversial topic.

In 1966, the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) was signed into law, setting animal care and welfare standards. The AWA set the minimum standard for the use of animals in laboratories. The AWA allowed the use of dogs, cats, primates, hamsters, rabbits, and guinea pigs in laboratories, eventually extending to all warm-blooded animals in 1970. Currently, the laws surrounding animal rights in laboratories are weak and allow for the cruel treatment of animals within those laboratories.       

The AWA was passed by Congress in 1966, in response to an incident in 1955 when a pet was stolen, sold into research, and finally killed. Public outrage soon arose, after the articles “The Lost Pets that Stray to the Lab,” and “Concentration Camp for Dogs” were published in 1965 and 1966. The images and trauma from WWII were enough to spark public outrage and the creation of the Animal Welfare Act. There have been many provisions of the AWA, and the relevant provisions have a major impact on its function today. 

The provision that controls animals in laboratories is the Standards for Care and Treatment. Under this, the USDA creates minimum standards for the environments for animals in research facilities. This, however, excludes birds, rats, and mice, depriving them of their rights.

Recently, there has been growing concern for animal welfare in laboratories. Based on the US Department of Agriculture reports, 800,000 warm-blooded animals are used in research in the US alone, and 100,000 more are held in research facilities to be used in unregulated activities. Another 111.5 million rats and mice, excluded from the AW, are estimated to be used in research. 

According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), only 8% of the drugs tested on animals in laboratories are considered safe for human use. However, recent focus has shifted to alternative methods of testing. In 2007, the National Research Council of the National Academies issued a report on toxicity testing. The report focused on the results of alternative testing methods other than animal testing and resulted in the recommendation of reducing or eliminating animal testing.

Alternative methods of testing have been introduced and hope has risen for the reduced or eliminated use of animal testing. The Interagency Coordination Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods (ICCVAM) is currently working with the National Toxicology Program Interagency Center for the Evaluation of Alternative Toxicological Methods. The ICCVAM has endorsed the goal of eliminating animal research and has helped in accepting the use of 18 safe testing alternatives that do not require the use of live animals.

Despite the coverage of most animals under the AWA and other laws, rats, mice, birds, and fish are excluded from protective measures. These animals are the majority of animals used in research, and they are not protected by the law. Though the 1970 amendment covered warm-blooded animals, it was interpreted to not include birds and mice. Congress has amended the AWA to visibly exclude those animals from having rights, for political reasons.

The problem of animal testing is mostly found in the US. Scholars have written: “Many animal advocates are deeply frustrated by what they see as weak US laws that are unevenly enforced, especially when compared with legal advances in other countries and regions. For example, the European Union (EU) has banned the use of animals in the testing of cosmetics and household products.” Despite the advancement of other countries regarding the research of animals in laboratories, the US lags behind and struggles with laws concerning animal rights in laboratories.

Despite recent advancements in alternative research, the US still struggles with reducing and removing animal testing. Animal testing has its cruelties, further shown by the lack of legal protection for animals in laboratories. Rats, mice, birds, and fish, which make up the majority of laboratory testing, do not have rights or legal protection in laboratories. The AWA, which protects most-warm blooded animals, does not protect the majority of animals participating in testing. Alternative methods of research are being introduced. To stop the cruelty of animal testing, support for animal rights needs to rise and be brought to attention.

Commentaries, Features, Top Stories

Gender Equality: Come as You Are

Gender Inequality has always been an issue in the United States. In the 19th century, many women began to protest for women’s rights. Some of the most notable are Susan B. Anthony, Sojourner Truth, and many more. This movement picked up steam in the 20th century, and in 1920, women’s right to vote was passed into law by Congress. This lets them have all citizenship rights, but this was not the end of the movement. We have had many events that women’s rights activists have had to stand up for. One of the most recent events was the overturning of Roe v. Wade. In this case, the Supreme Court has left it up to the states to decide if abortion is legal or not. This ignited the nation, with protests all around the United States.

With our group at Exeter, The Aequalis, we strive to create a better, and more just future in gender equality. We are focusing on creating a safe work environment, where students can express themselves openly. To do this, we need to lessen restrictions on what students can wear. Many dress codes have very strict rules, such as not showing collarbones or shoulders, because they are “distracting.” This is not right, and we need your help to support this idea. We will be hosting a field day from 6-8 pm on July 30th, right behind the cafeteria and library, usually where the cookouts are. You can wear whatever you feel comfortable in, or you deem appropriate. NO DRESS CODE!

Features, Life, Top Stories

Hamm Program Nurtures Leaders of the Future

The Hamm Leadership Program is one of the factors responsible for the fact that hundreds of students want to spend the summer in PEA. All this due to one couple’s evolution and the good work that was done and is being done to teach such an important topic in life and much more in a teenager. 

First of all, it is important to travel back in time to meet the person who makes all of this possible. Of course this program bears his last name. This refers to Charlie Hamm, an example of someone in the world with an amazing career and purpose — going back to his first Harkness table in 1951 when he was a school student here. Hamm fell in love with the leadership that he learned in Exeter, just as he said: “At Exeter, I learned to deeply respect the quotient of leadership.” 

As a result of his admiration and desire to open the doors of this to the students, he founded in 2009, together with his wife Irene, what this program would be, without thinking how important it would become. In 2011 they would finance the rest of the course to “begin a never ending process of thinking”, in his own words.

The program has been so successful that for many applicants, the first thing that interests them when picking their classes is Leadership, in both divisions. The program consists of two parts: the first one is Leadership and Society. In this type of class, the person can learn contexts and even a lot of discussion around the table and then all of this is transferred to an extensive one, which is where the student expands learning and turns it into practice. 

This extensive part is called Art + Science of Social Change and is led by Ben Cromwell, a teacher who is in his second year at PEA Summer giving these kind of classes. 

In one of last week’s classes, they were doing one of their projects called CapStone. The work is in groups and they basically have to create strategies and plans to attack the world’s problems just like Wage Inequality or Environmental Justice. Here they can put their effort, dedication and teaching to develop the essence of leadership and action. 

Also one of the things that this program teaches is the presentations of the best leaders, all of this with the objective by the end of the semester of learning “how groups function and how they can be better team members,” as Mr. Cromwell said. 

All life is about evolution, something that this course has undoubtedly shown. Mr. Cromwell referred to his perspective of the changes compared to last year of the following way: “The Upper School students and the Access students can learn each other; it’s more integrated and it is how the different ages cooperate. Everything is connected and generates the desire of the little ones to return in Upper School.” This program has the goal of creating a cycle of leaders who lead. It is a “practice activism class, where they can exploit their skills,” added the teacher who accompanied these students in their learning process. 

Students feel connected to the class and what it teaches, said Eloy Vazquez Zeller, a Dominican student. “I chose this class because I think that being a leader is such an amazing thing.,” he said. “When I saw this program, I saw an opportunity for being a better leader back home. I saw the opportunity to learn many tricks and skills. I do not regret choosing this program, I have gathered a greater understanding of leadership throughout the course. I want to keep learning.”

Another student, Beckett Lawrence-Apfelbaum, 15, agreed. “The leadership program,” he said, “has so far proved to be a very informative and valuable experience which I hope will give us the necessary skills to emerge as effective leaders when the time calls for it.” 

Commentaries, Top Stories

Get Involved, For a Better World

Civic engagement, by definition, is “individual and collective actions designed to
identify and address issues of public concern.” Whether it is through voting, activism, or
volunteer work, it is a significant factor in today’s society and has always been
throughout history. 

Out of the countless historical events involving civic engagement,
the Women’s Suffrage Movement in the US serves as an exemplar. Simply stated, the
goal of the Women’s Suffrage Movement was to gain the right to vote for women. For
nearly a century, activists fought for a woman’s right to vote through peaceful means of
activism, such as parading, lobbying, and petitioning.

Prior to the Women’s Suffrage Movement, women were denied basic rights. From
voting rights to property rights and even access to higher education, women held very
little power in society. Most of them were expected to cook, clean, and do housework for
the family rather than work so much so that women could not enter careers relating to
law or medicine.

From 1848 to the end of the movement in 1920, an innumerable number of
activists fought for women’s voting rights. Some of the most
significant figures included Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.             

Born in 1820, Anthony was raised as a Quaker. Her father was a farmer while her
mother came from a family that fought in the American Revolution. Inspired by the
Quaker belief that everyone is equal under God, she possessed a passion for activism.
She often traveled around the country to deliver speeches, demanding
equal voting rights for women. She risked being arrested in order to share her ideas and
was eventually fined $100 in 1872. Fortunately, this arrest instigated public outrage,
bringing much attention to the suffrage movement.             

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, however, was born in 1815 under affluent parents.
Stanton was a knowledgeable woman whose father was a prominent lawyer. Organizing
the first Women’s Rights movement at Seneca Falls, she created petitions to fight for the
movement as well.              

These two leaders met in 1851, soon becoming great friends. They worked
together for over 50 years advocating for the Women’s suffrage movement. In 1866,
Anthony and Stanton co-founded the American Equal Rights Association, an
organization that strived to “secure Equal Rights to all American citizens, especially the
right of suffrage, irrespective of race, color, or sex.”               

After 72 years of the Women’s Suffrage Movement, women were finally given the
right to vote in 1920. Through the ratification on August 18, 1920, the 19th amendment
granted the right for women to vote, encouraging civic engagement in forms of voting
regardless of sex.        

Today, numerous historical sites pay homage to this movement. The Women’s
Rights National Historical Park in Seneca Falls, New York (the location of the first
Women’s Rights movement), for example, tells the story of the first Women’s Rights
movement arranged by Elizabeth Cady Stanton. The impacts of the Women’s Suffrage
Movement are still prevalent in today’s society, as this pivotal movement drastically
shifted the future of women’s rights in the US through civic engagement in forms of
activism.
——-
A lot of the time we talk about women’s suffrage. We discuss the heroes who
worked to grant women the right to vote. However, nobody talks about the hidden
history of the women who worked against the right to vote.

These women were called the anti-suffragists. They believed that women should
not vote for a multitude of reasons. Some believed that women did not have the mental
capacity to vote. Others believed that women were already so burdened by household
tasks that they could not possibly take on the added responsibility of understanding
political matters and voting. Others still argued that women did not want the right to
vote and were content within the status quo.               

The belief that women should not have the right to vote was so profound that in
1911, the National Association Opposed to Women’s Suffrage (NAOWS) was founded.
NAOWS held events, created pamphlets and distributed publications against women’s
suffrage.             

 Even though NAOWS claimed that women being involved in political matters
would be bad for the nation at large, NAOWS was founded and run by women who were
well-off, members of society who were privileged beyond measure and held political
power in their own right. These were philanthropists and activists, women with the
power to create change. Yet these women did not stop to consider the plight of those
without that same level of privilege. They didn’t think about the common women who
couldn’t pay huge sums of money to a charity or take time away from their lives to
volunteer. They could not understand that the women’s suffrage movement was made
with the intent to have the voices of all women heard, whether they be privileged or not.
In 1920 NAOWS was disbanded after the Nineteenth Amendment passed, giving
women the right to vote.           

When most people think of women’s suffrage, they don’t stop to think about the
women who were against it. To many, it is implausible that women would be against the
right to women’s suffrage. Yet, an entire organization was built by women advocating
for the idea that women shouldn’t be allowed to vote. It shows that there are always
many different sides to the same story and we should never take what we have for
granted.
——-
When we think of the fight for the right to vote, we see things like the civil rights
movement and women’s suffrage. There is so much more to a story than meets the eye.
After the civil rights movement newly freed African Americans still did not have
the right to vote. They were denied the most basic American freedom to vote. Racism
and discrimination were also still greatly practiced in the south. Organizations like the
Klu Klux Klan (KKK) continue to intimidate, kill, and oppress these new American
citizens. Finally, after a lot of protesting, the Fifteenth Amendment was passed. It said that a state could not discriminate against race. This right of course
did not extend to women, especially not women of color who would still have to fight for
years to get their own amendment.

Not all states took to this new amendment well. New laws such as Jim Crow,
named after a racist character played by a white male in black face, separated different
races from each other. In order to keep their own vote secured and African American
voices suppressed, southern states made it particularly hard for people of color to vote.
Things like white primaries gave certain candidates a leg up over candidates new voters
liked. It was also hard to register to vote because of things like poll taxes and literacy
tests. Poll taxes served as a problem, because of how poor most African Americans in
the US were. Literacy tests were never fair; sometimes questions would be extremely
difficult. Often if you got these questions right they would still tell you you failed. The
hardest part was the physical aggression. Sometimes you were met by KKK members
and sometimes police. If you voted you could get fired from your job, or killed, along with your family.
 

While this all changed with the civil rights movement many Americans are still
not voting. Is this right? How do we get more voices in the way our country is governed?

Opinions, Top Stories

Environmental Justice: Don’t Dump on Equality

All city-owned garbage dumps in Houston were housed in black neighborhoods, a study
in 1983 found. A report released in 1987 revealed that three out of five Black and Hispanic
Americans lived near uncontrolled toxic waste sites. These are all examples of environmental
injustice in the United States.

Environmental justice is a movement that stands to combat environmental injustice — that
is, to enforce policies about the environment that benefit everyone. Environmental justice fights
issues such as pollution and hazardous waste-disposal in low-income and underdeveloped areas.

Environmental injustice can affect a community in different ways, one of which is health.
For example, vulnerable communities tend to have fewer public amenities, such as clean parks and
healthy grocery stores. Toxic waste sites are also more frequently placed in these communities,
affecting the health of the people living there. 

The phrase “Environmental Justice” first appeared in the 1950s as a response to policies such as the federal government’s systematic placement of hazardous waste sites inside communities of African Americans. Other policies like the Safe Drinking Water Act (1974) that are supposed to protect people living in these communities are not adequately enforced.

While the movement gained momentum in the late 1980s, some notable events took place in
the late 60s, with events like the Memphis Sanitation Strike. Black sanitation workers
coordinated the strike after unsafe work conditions killed two of their co-workers in 1968.
Supported by figures such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Lyndon B. Johnson, the sanitation
workers were given safer working conditions and a better wage.

Another example took place in Warren County, North Carolina. In September of 1982,
the state started to dump soil composed of toxic PCBs into the Warren County PCB landfill,
which was near a primarily Black community. Residents angry at the potentially harmful effects
of the waste began six weeks of nonviolent protests, and the story gained national attention.
However, the demonstrations proved unsuccessful, and over 500 people were arrested. The
landfill did not close until 2003.

While we obviously can’t achieve a protest of that magnitude, we are trying to work to
improve the school’s environment. That’s why we hosted a trash pick-up competition! We
provided trash cans and trash bags in front of every dorm. We will be donating $10 to an
environmental justice charity for each pound of trash collected.

Sources:
“Environmental Justice Timeline.” EPA, Environmental Protection Agency,
https://www.epa.gov/environmentaljustice/environmental-justice-timeline.
“Environmental Justice History.” Energy.gov,
https://www.energy.gov/lm/services/environmental-justice/environmental-justice-history.
“The Warren County PCB Landfill – North Carolina.” BFA,
https://www.bfaenvironmental.com/project/health-and-natural-resources-pcb-landfill/.
Neimark, Peninah, and Peter Rhoades Mott, editors. The Environmental Debate: A Documentary
History, with Timeline, Glossary, and Appendices. 2nd ed., Grey House Publishing, 2011

Features, Life, Top Stories

Our Star Pianist’s Triumphal Return

Her fingers skipped and danced across the keys, creating a euphony of sweet and short notes that ended with a final pound and a swipe through the air. She looked out to the audience, gave a bow, and walked off the stage of Carnegie Hall.  

Claire Charanachitta, an Access Exeter Student, started her excursion from Phillips Exeter Academy to New York City the morning of Tuesday, July 19. She climbed into the car, temporarily said farewell to the school, and soon was staring at the famous skyscraper skyline.  

Tuesday was non-stop for Claire. “It was a rush,” she recounted, “but in a good way.” Once she made it to Carnegie, she ran through a dress rehearsal with the other thirty performers and soon enough she was waiting behind the curtains getting ready to perform.  

“I was super nervous,” she said, but as soon as she began her piece all the nerves were left in the past.  

While playing the excerpt from Béla Bartók’s “Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm”, Claire became an extension of the music. “It’s not aggressive, but not soft,” she explained, “it still has a flow to it.” She embodied this description of the song perfectly through the way she swayed and jolted with the different notes and chords.  

After she performed, she gave a quick bow and glided across the stage in her long pink dress before the next performer began.  

She ended her Tuesday with the awards ceremony in which she was awarded first place. To perform at Carnegie Hall, she had to win first, second, or third place in a category during the audition process, but gaining recognition was still extremely rewarding for Claire.  

Claire was never in it for the prize though. She finds there are aspects of the experience that are much more rewarding than a first-place plaque.  

Sitting backstage, she was blown away by the abilities of some of the younger performers. Seeing the talent that musicians her age and even younger possessed is a huge inspiration to Claire.  

Just knowing that her ample talent was recognizable enough to be wanted at Carnegie was a reward in itself. Looking onto the stage at the lone piano and unoccupied bench she could not have been prouder of herself.